Parts of a Plant - Class 1 Notes & Olympiad Questions

Parts of a Plant - Class 1 Science

The reading material offered on this page about "Parts of Plants" is specially tailored for class 1 students. So, let's get started!

Plants are living things that are present all around us. They come in all shapes and sizes, from tiny mosses to towering trees. Plants are very essential for multiple reasons.

Different Types of Plants - CREST Olympiads

Unlike animals, which have to eat other living things to get their energy, plants make their own food. Plants require sunlight, nutrients and water to make their own food.

Plants are very important for the environment. They are an important source of food for a wide variety of living beings.

Diagram of Plant - CREST Olympiads

Plants also release oxygen into the air. It is very essential for animals, including humans to breathe.

Learn more about Classification of Plants

Parts of Plants Name and its Functions

A plant has two main system that helps them to grow and survive:

a) The root system: Grows below the soil
b) The shoot system: Grows above the soil

Diagram of Parts of Plant - CREST Olympiads

The Root System

Root System of Plant - CREST Olympiads

a) The root system includes the parts of the plant that we can’t see because they are usually underground.
b) Roots anchor the plant in the soil and absorb water and nutrients from the soil.
c) Roots come in different shapes and sizes, depending on the type of plant.
d) In some plants, the roots help in the storage of food.
e) Carrots, radishes and turnips are a few examples of the roots that we eat.

 Learn more about Parts of a Plant and Its Functions

The Shoot System

The shoot system contains the parts of plants that are visible to us and present above the ground. It includes:


a) This is the part of the plant that holds it upright/straight and supports the leaves and flowers.
b) It also transports water and nutrients from the roots to the rest of the plant and food from the leaves to the rest of the plant.
c) Potato, ginger and asparagus are a few examples of the stems that we eat.

Stem of a Plant - CREST Olympiads


a) These are the flat and green parts of the plant that grows out of the stem.
b) Their main function is to make food for the plant by using sunlight, water and carbon dioxide.
c) We eat leaves of plants like spinach, lettuce, cabbage, etc.
d) Different plants have different types of leaves. Some leaves are long and thin and some are broad and flat.

Leaves of Banana and Grass - CREST Olympiads


a) These are the colorful and often fragrant parts of the plant. Flowers can be found in a wide variety of shapes, sizes and colors.
b) For example rose, sunflower, dahlia, tulips, hibiscus, etc.
c) One of the most important things that a flower do is help plants reproduce and make new plants.

Hibiscus flower - CREST Olympiads


a) Fruit is usually the delicious and edible part of the plant that has seeds. Fruits are not only tasty but healthy also. They contain vitamins and nutrients.
b) Some common fruits include apples, bananas, mango, cherries, etc.

Different Types of Fruits - CREST Olympiads


a) Seeds are the part that plant uses to make more plants. A tiny, little seed contains everything that is needed to make a big strong plant.
b) Seeds provide various things that are essential for our lives. Rice, wheat, beans, pulses and almonds are some examples of seeds that we eat.
c) Coffee, chocolate and some oils are also made from the seeds of different plants.

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