Living and Non-Living Things - Class 1 Notes

Living and Non-Living Things - Class 1 Science

  • Living & Non-Living Things Chart
  • Living Things
  • Characteristics of Living Things
  • Non- Living Things
  • Characteristics of Non-Living Things
  • Natural Non-Living Things
  • Man-Made Non-Living Things
  • Living Things vs Non-Living Things
  • List of Living and Non-Living Things
  • Solved Questions on Living & Non-Living Things for Class 1
  • Additional Questions on Living & Non-living Things for Class 1
  • We see many things around us. These things are categorised as:

    a) Living things
    b) Non-living things

    Chart of Living and Non-Living Things

    Living and Non-living things chart is given below:

    Chart of Living and Non-Living things: Types - CREST Olympiads

    Definition of Living Things

    Living things are things around us that are alive. All living things are natural things. There are many different types of living things, like animals, plants and bacteria.

    Here are some pictures of different types of living things.

    Examples of Living things

    Each of these groups has their own unique characteristics and ways of living. All living things need certain essential things to survive, like food, water and air.

    Characteristics of Living Things

    All living things share certain characteristics. Such as:

    a) Living Things Grow

    Living things are capable of growing and developing. Like little plants grow up to be trees.

    How plant grows into a tree

    b) Living Things Reproduce

    Living things can reproduce to make more of their kind. Some lay eggs to produce babies. Plants generally reproduce by seeds. For example, dogs have puppies and chickens lay eggs.

    Examples of Living Things Reproduction

     Learn more about Classification of Animals

    c) Living Things need Food and Water to Survive

    All living things require some form of energy and nutrients to survive. Plants make their own food while animals depend on plants and other animals for their food.

    Living things requires food and water to survive

     Learn more about Food

    d) Living Things Move

    All living things show some kind of movement. For example, a bird can fly through the air, fishes can swim in the water, a person can walk or run. Even plants show movement like a sunflower moves towards sunlight and a mimosa plant curls its leaves when touched.

    Examples of moving living things

    e) Living Things Feel

    Living things can respond to changes around them. For example, a plant grows toward sunlight, an animal runs away from danger.

    Plant grows towards sunlight

    Learn more about Parts of a Plant and its Function

    Definition of Non- Living Things

    Non-living things are things that are not alive. These things do not have the ability to move, eat, or breathe on their own. Examples of non-living things are rocks, water, toys and cars.

    Examples of Non-Living Things

    Even though non-living things do not have the characteristics of life, they are still very important. For example, water is essential for many living things to survive and rocks can provide shelter for animals.

     Learn more about Water and Water Cycle

    Characteristics of Non-Living Things

    Some characterstics features of non-living things are:

    a) Non-Living Things don't Grow

    Unlike living things, non-living things don't grow or change over time.

    b) Non-Living Things don't Reproduce

    Non-living things can't make more of their own kind. For example, a rock can't make more rocks.

    c) Non-Living Things don't Need Food or Water to Survive

    Non-living things don't need food or energy to survive.

    d) Non-Living Things do not Move

    Unlike living beings, non-living things do not have the ability to move or change their position on their own.

    e) Non-Living Things don't Feel

    Non-living things can't react to things around them like living things.

    Non-living things can be classified as natural non-living things and man-made non-living things. It is to be noted that all man-made things are non-living.

    Definition for Natural Non-Living Things

    Things that are found naturally around us and not made by humans are called natural non-living things. They come from the earth, water, air or living things.

    Some examples of natural non-living things are trees, rocks, mountains, rivers, etc.

    Natural Non-Living Things

    Definition for Man-Made Non-Living Things

    Things that are created by humans are called man-made non-living things. They are made from natural materials or other man-made materials. Examples of man-made non-living things include buildings, roads, cars, toys and clothes.

    Examples of Man-Made Non-Living Things

    It's important to remember that many man-made things use natural things to be created.

    For example, buildings are made from materials like wood and metal that come from nature. Even toys can be made from materials like wood or plastic, which come from natural resources.

    Differences Between Living Things and Non-Living Things

    Living Things Non-Living Things
    They have the ability to grow. They are not alive and can’t grow.
    They can make more of themselves. They cannot make more of their own kind.
    They need to eat and drink water to stay alive. They don’t need food or water to stay alive.
    They can move by themselves. They can’t move on their own.
    They can react to what’s around them. They don't react to their environment.

    List of Living and Non-Living Things

    Living Things Non-Living Things
    Dog Clouds
    Flower Toys
    Humans Pencil
    Elephant Train
    Shark Computer
    Trees House

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