﻿ Printable Science Worksheet on Sound

# Worksheet on Sound

## Solved Questions on Sound

1. In an experiment to study the speed of sound in air, a person claps hands at a known distance from a wall and measures the time taken for the echo to return. If the time is 0.5 seconds and the speed of sound is 340 m/s, what is the distance of the wall from the person?

a) 170 m
b) 85 m
c) 340 m
d) 680 m

Answer: b) In this experiment, the time taken for the sound to travel to the wall and back is the total time for the sound to cover twice the distance between the person and the wall. The formula to calculate the distance (d) using the time (t) and speed (v) is:
2d/v = t
d = (v x t)/2

Given that the speed of sound (v) is 340 m/s and the time (t) is 0.5 seconds, you can plug these values into the formula:
d = (340 ms-1 x 0.5 s)/2
d = 85 m

So, the distance of the wall from the person is 85 metres.

2. A sound wave with a frequency of 750 Hz travels through a medium with a speed of 375 m/s. Calculate the wavelength of the wave and determine the time it takes for one complete wave to pass a given point.

a) Wavelength: 0.5 m, Time: 0.001 s
b) Wavelength: 0.75 m, Time: 0.001 s
c) Wavelength: 0.25 m, Time: 0.002 s
d) Wavelength: 0.375 m, Time: 0.001 s

Answer: a) To calculate the wavelength of the wave, we can use the formula:

Wavelength(λ) = Speed of Sound(v) / Frequency(f)

Given:
Frequency of the wave (f) = 750 Hz
Speed of sound in the medium (v) = 375 m/s

Substitute the values:
λ = 375 m/s / 750 Hz
λ = 0.5 m

So, the wavelength of the wave is 0.5 m.

To determine the time it takes for one complete wave to pass a given point (time period), we can use the formula:
Time Period(T) = 1/Frequency(f)

Substitute the given frequency:
T = 1/750
T= 0.001333s

So, the time it takes for one complete wave to pass a given point is approximately 0.001 seconds.

3. When a person is listening to music, which part of the ear helps differentiate between different pitches of sound?

a) Pinna
b) Cochlea
c) Oval window
d) Eardrum

Answer: b) The cochlea is the part of the inner ear that helps differentiate between different pitches of sound. It contains specialised hair cells that respond to different frequencies of sound vibrations. Different sections of the cochlea are responsible for detecting different frequencies, allowing us to perceive various pitches of sound.

4. A radio station broadcasts at a frequency of 98.5 MHz. If the speed of radio waves is approximately 3 × 108 m/s, what is the wavelength of these waves?

a) 3.05 m
b) 0.305 m
c) 305 m
d) 30.5 m

Answer: a) Wavelength (λ) is calculated using the formula:
λ = Speed of radio waves (v) / Frequency (f)

Given:
Speed of radio waves (v) = 3 × 108 m/s
Frequency (f) = 98.5 × 106 Hz (98.5 MHz)

Substitute the values:
λ = (3 × 108 m/s) / (98.5 × 106 Hz) ≈ 3.05 m

So, the correct answer is option a) 3. 05 m.

5. In a concert hall, which seating arrangement is likely to result in better sound quality?

a) Parallel walls with hard surfaces
b) Irregularly shaped walls with soft surfaces
c) Parallel walls with reflective surfaces
d) Irregularly shaped walls with glass panels

Answer: b) Better sound quality in a concert hall is often achieved by minimising the effects of echoes, reverberation, and standing waves. Irregularly shaped walls can help diffuse sound waves and prevent the formation of strong reflections and standing wave patterns. Soft surfaces, such as acoustic panels and draperies, absorb sound energy, reducing reverberation and creating a more balanced and clear sound environment. This arrangement helps to minimise acoustic distortions and improve the overall sound quality for the audience.

## FAQs

1. How does sound travel through different mediums?

Sound travels across various media by forcing the particles to vibrate. Solids have densely packed particles, which allows sound to travel more quickly. The particles in liquids and gases are more dispersed, resulting in slower sound transmission.

2. What is the Speed of Sound?

The speed of sound varies according on the medium through which it travels. In dry air at normal temperature, sound travels at a rate of around 343 meters per second (1235 kilometers per hour).

3. What factors affect the pitch of a sound?

The pitch of a sound is determined by its frequency, which is measured in hertz. Higher-frequency sound waves generate higher-pitched noises, whilst lower-frequency waves generate lower-pitched sounds.

4. How do echoes occur?

Echoes arise when sound waves bounce off objects and then return to the listener's ears after a delay. The distance between the sound source and the reflecting surface impacts both the time delay and the perceived echo.

5. How is sound produced?

Sound is created when an item vibrates, causing pressure waves to spread across the surrounding medium. These vibrations force the particles in the medium to compress and rarefy, resulting in the impression of sound.