Have you ever wondered why some things feel heavy like a backpack full of books while others feel light like paper?
In this chapter, the concept of weight is introduced.
Weight is a measurement that quantifies the heaviness of an object.
When you pick up a book or a delicious apple, you can feel its weight in your hand.
If something has more weight, we call it heavy. Think about big rocks, elephants, hippopotami, whales, etc. are heavy.
But if something is not heavy, we call it light. Think about whether feathers, papers, balloons, cotton, etc. are light.
The weight is measured using a weighing balance and weighing scales, shown as:
The weight can be measured in grams, kilograms, quintals, pounds, ounces, etc.
In the metric system, we use special units to measure weight. These units help us understand how heavy or light things are:
Here are some of the units we use:
When you want to change from a smaller unit to a bigger unit, you multiply the number associated with the smaller unit of weight by 10.
When you want to change from a bigger unit to a smaller unit, you divide the number associated with the bigger unit of weight by 10.
The conversion of one unit to another is shown as:
Here are some common units of weight and how to convert between them:
Kilograms (kg) to Grams (g):
→ 1 kg = 1000 g
→ To convert from kilograms to grams, you need to multiply by 1000.
→ For example, if you have 5 kilograms, you can convert them to grams like this:
5 kg × 1000 = 5000 g
Grams (g) to Kilograms (kg):
→ 1 g = 1/1000 kg
→ If you have a weight in grams and want to convert it to kilograms, you need to divide by 1000.
→ For example, if you have 5000 grams, you can convert them to kilograms like this:
5000 g ÷ 1000 = 5 kg
Kilograms (kg) to Hectograms (hg):
→ 1 kg = 10 hg
→ To convert from kilograms to hectograms, you need to multiply by 10.
→ For example, if you have 3 kilograms, you can convert them to hectograms like this:
3 kg × 10 = 30 hg
Hectograms (hg) to Kilograms (kg):
→ 1 hg = 1/10 kg
→ To convert from hectograms to kilograms, you need to divide by 10.
→ For example, if you have 30 hectograms, you can convert them to kilograms like this:
30 hg ÷ 10 = 3 kg
Grams (g) to Milligrams (mg):
→ 1 g = 1000 mg
→ If you want to convert grams to milligrams, you need to multiply by 1000.
→ For example, if you have 7 grams, you can convert it to milligrams like this:
7 g × 1000 = 7000 mg
Milligrams (mg) to Grams (g):
→ 1 mg = 1/1000 g
→ To convert milligrams to grams, you need to divide by 1000.
→ For example, if you have 80000 milligrams, you can convert them to grams like this:
80000 mg ÷ 1000 = 80 g
Pounds (lbs) to Ounces (oz):
→ 1 pound (lb) = 16 ounces (oz)
→ To convert pounds to ounces, you need to multiply by 16.
→ For example, if you have 5 pounds, you can convert them to grams like this:
5 lbs × 16 = 80 oz
Let us solve some more examples to understand them better.
Example 1: Abraham buys 13.68 kilograms of apples and 15.42 kilograms of pears. What is the weight of the basket in grams if the total weight is 31 kg?
a) 2900 g
b) 2100 g
c) 1900 g
d) 900 g
Answer: c) 1900 g
Explanation: Total weight of fruits = Weight of apples + Weight of pears
= 13.68 + 15.42
= 29.1 kg
Total weight (Basket, apples and pears) = 31 kg
Weight of basket = 31 − 29.1
= 1.9 kg
Weight of basket in grams = 1.9 × 1000
= 1900 g
Example 2: The weight of tomatoes is 2/7th of the weight of potatoes. What is the total weight of tomatoes and potatoes in ounces if the weight of potatoes is 84 pounds?
a) 1318 oz
b) 1328 oz
c) 1718 oz
d) 1728 oz
Answer: d) 1728 oz
Explanation: Weight of potatoes = 84 pounds
Weight of tomatoes = ^{2}⁄_{7} × 84
= 24 pounds
Total weight of tomatoes and potatoes in pound = Weight of tomatoes + Weight of potatoes
= 24 + 84
= 108 pounds
Total weight of tomatoes and potatoes in ounces (oz) = 108 × 16
= 1728 oz
Let us solve some questions to understand them better.
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