Computation Operations

Computation Operations - Class 2

Computation Operations

Computation operations deal with the study of numbers and the operations performed on numbers.

Mathematics involves a set of four fundamental operations:

  1. Addition (+)
  2. Subtraction (−)
  3. Multiplication (×)
  4. Division (÷)

Let's understand one by one:

Addition: Addition is an operation that involves combining two or more numbers. If we want to make a number bigger, then we use addition. We add numbers together to get a bigger number. The symbol plus (+) shows addition. 

For example, when two numbers 300 and 100 are added together, the result is 400. It is written as:
300 + 100 = 400

Example of Addition

Example: A first bucket has 240 apples, a second bucket has 190 guavas and a third bucket has 220 oranges. What is the total number of fruits?

Bucket of fruits

a) 550
b) 650
c) 750
d) 850

Answer: b) 650

Explanation: Number of apples in the first bucket = 240
Number of guavas in the second bucket = 190 
Number of oranges in the third bucket = 220
The total number of fruits in all the buckets = 240 + 190 + 220 = 650 fruits

Example of three digit addition

SubtractionSubtraction is an operation of taking away a number from another number. If we want to make a number smaller, then we use subtraction. We take away a number from another number to get a smaller number. The symbol minus (−) shows subtraction.

For example, when 100 is subtracted from 300, the result is 200. It is written as:
300 − 100 = 200

Example of subtraction

Example: The zoo has a lot of birds in the cage. The owner of the zoo purchased 213 more birds and now the cage has 729 birds. How many birds did the cage have at the beginning?

How many birds did the cage

a) 416
b) 496
c) 516
d) 596

Answer: c) 516

Explanation: Number of birds in the cage now = 729
Number of birds purchased = 213
Total number of birds at the beginning = 729 − 213 = 516

Three digit subtraction

Multiplication: Multiplication is an operation that involves repeatedly adding the same number. Imagine we want the same number many times. Instead of adding many times, we use multiplication. It's like adding the number over and over. The symbol times (×) shows multiplication.

For example, when 30 is multiplied by 10, the result is 300.
It is written as:
30 × 10 = 300

Example of Multiplication

Example: A garden has 55 plants in each row. How many plants are there in the 15 rows of the garden?

How many plants are there

a) 725
b) 825
c) 925
d) 1025

Answer: b) 825

Explanation: Number of plants in each row = 55
Number of rows = 15
Total number of plants in the garden = 55 × 15 = 825

Multiplication example

Division:Division is an operation that consists of repeatedly subtracting the same number. If we have 42 chocolates and want to share them equally among 6 children, we use division. It's like taking away parts of the number to share. The symbol sign (÷) shows division.

For example, when 300 is divided by 100, the result is 3. It is written as:
300 ÷ 100 = 3

Example of division

Example: 15 trucks are carrying 900 sacks of rice. How many sacks of rice does a truck carry?

How many sacks of rice does a truck carry

a) 50
b) 55
c) 58
d) 60

Answer: d) 60

Explanation: Total number of sacks of rice = 900 
Number of trucks =15 
Number of sacks of rice in a truck = 900 ÷ 15 = 60

Division example

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